Science and Technology of Energetic Materials

Vol.69, No.1 (2008)

Research paper

Development of a reduced chemical kinetic model of hydrazine and di-nitrogen tetroxide(*in Japanese)
Kaori Ohminami, Hiroyuki Ogawa,and A. Koichi Hayashi


Hydrazine (N2H4) and NTO (dinitrogen tetroxide: N2O4) mixtures are used in spacecraft bipropellant systems,having the advantage, for sampling missions, of having no carbon composition. However, no reasonable hydrazine and NTO combustion model has been developed. To construct a hydrazine and NTO combustion model that is useful for bipropellant thruster CFD simulation, we extracted efficient elementary reactions from detailed kinetic reaction model proposed by Ohminami and Ogawa in 2007. The reduced hydrazine and NTO combustion model was composed of 61 extracted reactions with 23 chemical species and was coincident with the original detailed kinetic reaction model in terms of combustion gas temperatures and ignition delay times over O / F (oxidizer and fuel mass ration) = 0.82-1.84. Also the simulated combustion gas temperatures were good agreed with the adiabatic flame temperatures, and the simulated ignition delay time at O / F = 1.2 was consistent with the literature value.

> Full text (Open access*)


Hydrazine, di-Nitrogen tetroxide, NTO, Reaction mechanism.

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