Science and Technology of Energetic Materials

Vol.68, No.1 (2007)

Research paper

Stabilization of nitrocellulose by diphenylamine and phenol compound
Katsumi Katoh, Lu Le, Mieko Kumasaki, Yuji Wada, and Mitsuru Arai


The thermal behavior of nitrocellulose containing diphenylamine (DPA) or 1,1,3-tri-(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butyl-phenyl)-butane (BPless) was observed during the isothermal storage at 393 K using C80. The result indicated that each stabilizer decreased the maximum heat release rate and increased the induction period of the heat release of NC. And the maximum heat release rate and the induction period were dependent on the amount of the stabilizer.

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Nitric ester, Nitric acid ester, Antioxidant, Self-ignition, Autoxidaton

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